Research and Trends in Language Development

CIRCLE-ELD's unique approach to language development infuses the language of the WIDA Standards into daily conversation. Everyday each student will be exposed to and use all 5 WIDA Standards: Social and Instructional Language, the Language of Language Arts, the Language of Mathematics, the Language of Science, and the Language of Social Studies. 

Oral driven language use in a comfortable environment allows the natural power of the human brain to develop strong, native or native-like fluency.


  • "For ELLs especially, oral language is foundational to literacy development."
  • "Opportunities for practice...are necessary to get feedback and automatize language."
  • "ELs who have had ample opportunity for oral rehearsal and interaction with native speakers in multiple contexts are far more equipped to reach higher levels of written discourse than ELs who have had fewer opportunities to do so."
  • "Well developed oral proficiency in English is associated with well-developed reaching comprehension skills and writing skills in English."

Continuing development of a person's first language (L1) enhances the ability to develop a second language (l2).


  • "Cognitive and academic development in one's first language has been found to contribute positively in second-language learning."
  • "...development of a student's first language can facilitate development in the second language."
  • "Among English language learners, both L1 vocabulary and L2 vocabulary contribute to achievement in English reading comprehension."